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Disabilities Advocates of Delmarva Inc.


A Guide to Disability Rights Laws

Americans with Disabilities Act

Fair Housing Act

Air Carrier Access Act

Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act

Individuals with Disabilities Education Act

Rehabilitation Act

Architectural Barriers Act

Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act

      The Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act ( CRIPA ) authorizes the U.S. Attorney General to investigate conditions of confinement at State and local government institutions such as prisons, jails, pretrial detention centers, juvenile correctional facilities, publicly operated nursing homes, and institutions for people with psychiatric or developmental disabilities.  Its purpose is to allow the Attorney General to uncover and correct widespread deficiencies that seriously jeopardize the health and safety of residents of institutions.  The Attorney General does not have authority under CRIPA to investigate isolated incidents or to represent individual institutionalized persons.

      The Attorney General may initiate civil law suits where there is reasonable cause to believe that conditions are "egregious or flagrant," that they are subjecting residents to "grievous harm," and that they are part of a "pattern or practice" of resistance to residents' full enjoyment of constitutional or Federal rights, including title II of the ADA and section 504 of Rehabilitation Act.  For more information or to bring a matter to the Department of Justice's attention, contact:

Special Litigation Section
Civil Rights Division
U.S. Department of Justice
P.O. Box 66400
Washington, D.C. 20035 - 6400 ( 202 ) 514 - 6255 ( voice/relay )